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哥伦比亚重要文化节和文化名人
 (2010-11-10)
<DIV align=center>   <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><U><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">重要文化节</SPAN></U></B></DIV>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">.《波哥大伊比利亚美洲国际戏剧节》</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">为纪念波哥大城市成立</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">450</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">周年,</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1988</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年开始创建这一重要节日。该节日每逢两年举办一次,由波哥大市政府承办,具体时间为</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月底至</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">4</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月中旬,地点分布在波哥大市各主要文化场所,至今共举办</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">12</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届次。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">戏剧节宗旨是:<U>向世人展现哥伦比亚</U>。该节主要目的是通过这一文化平台,邀请世界五大洲国家艺术团体以多彩多姿的大众化演出,以及能够表达具有现代艺术风格的各门类节目,最终达到国家间文化相互交流、融合,最终使得人类文化共同繁荣目的。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">截止目前,该节日已经接待世界近</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">50</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">个国家的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">500</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">多个演出团体,每次戏剧节演出达到</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">400</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">多场次,此外还有</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">100</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">多场演出在室外进行,近</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">200</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">多万哥伦比亚民众可在不同地点观看演出。各国演出的节目包括戏剧、舞蹈、音乐以及举办各国文化讲座。第</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">12</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届戏剧节于</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2010</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月底在首都进行,参加国家有</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">41</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">个,</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">47</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">个外国演出团体,约</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">150</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">个国内团体参加了此次活动。本届戏剧节观众人数高达</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">22</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">万人次。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">组委会每年邀请不同国家作为主宾国参加伊比利亚美洲戏剧节,按照惯例,主宾国需提供一定数量资金作为赞助(因国家不同,资金数量亦不相同),但为答谢主宾国资助,组委会特别允许该国家可多派艺术演出团体参加。在</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2008</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年第</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">11</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届戏剧节中,法国成为主宾国,根据规定,法国派了</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">4</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">个演出团体前来参加,并被指定为在开幕式上进行演出,戏剧节组委会邀请各驻哥使团代表前往观看,以扩大主宾国文化的对外影响。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">我国曾派河北梆子剧团参加</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1998</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年和</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2010</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年的第</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">6</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届和第</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">12</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届戏剧节,中国的精湛艺术获得哥伦比亚人民的高度赞赏。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">伊比利亚美洲国际戏剧节组委会总部设在首都波哥大市,哥著名话剧演员</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">FANNY MIKEY</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">女士任主席。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">组委会名称:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">FESTIVAL IBEROAMERICANO DE TEATRO DE BOGODA <o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">地点:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">CRA.71 NO.10-25, <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" /><st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">BOGOTA</st1:City>, <st1:State w:st="on">D.C.</st1:State> <st1:country-region w:st="on">COLOMBIA</st1:country-region></st1:place><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电话:(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">571</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">)</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2103215</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">,</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2101141<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">传真:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2176290<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电邮:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><A href="mailto:fannymikey@cable.net.co">fannymikey@cable.net.co</A><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">   </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">.《巴兰基亚狂欢节》</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">该节日创始于</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1878</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年。自</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1992</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年始,每年在圣周前</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">40</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">天举行,为期</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">4</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">天,每次活动时间定是凌晨</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">时至晚</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">8</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">时。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2002</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,哥伦比亚国会通过决议,确定巴兰基亚狂欢节为国家文化遗产。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2003</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,联合国教科文组织将此节日定为“人类口头和非物质文化遗产”。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">狂欢节历史悠久,自</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">16</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">世纪西班牙入侵者时代就已形成一定规模,当时哥伦比亚土著人和非洲后裔以各自民族的舞蹈形式祭祖敬神,后来欧洲后裔也加入到节日当中,使得狂欢节具有了更加多样化的演出形式和广泛的影响。经历了</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">500</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年后,该节日已经成为哥伦比亚国家文化的最具特色文化之一。众所周知,哥伦比亚是个多民族的国家,其中包括非洲后裔</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">340</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">万人,印第安人</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">93</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">万人,加勒比海岛屿居民</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">27</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">万人,还有将近</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">50</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">万人分属</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">60</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">个部落。节日举办期间,这些少数民族向人们展现古老的民族舞蹈,向人们诉说文化发展的起源和历程,其中最主要的舞蹈包括:已经有</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">400</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年历史的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">DANZA DE CONGO</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">舞蹈,这是一个表现殖民时期非洲后裔斗士舞蹈;源于前西班牙殖民时期,盛行在非洲后裔、美洲黑人以及西班牙后裔种族当中的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">DIABLOS ARLEQUINES</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">舞蹈;</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">DANZA DE INDIO</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">舞蹈起源于古老的祭祀典礼,极富拉美舞蹈特色,表现了印第安人与死神搏斗的殊死场面。除此之外,将近</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">20</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">多个各部落也是狂欢节的主角,每一个舞蹈都有着近</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">200</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年的历史,可谓是哥伦比亚民族文化的大荟萃。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">哥伦比亚的文化绚丽多彩,无论从舞蹈还是音乐方面远比巴西狂欢节更具有丰富性和拉美文化的代表性。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">组委会名称:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">INSTITUTO DISTRITAL DE CULTURA DE<SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">  </SPAN><st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">BARRANQUILLA</st1:place></st1:City><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">地点:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">CALLE 34 NO.43-31 PISO 4 EDIFICIO ALCALDIA PASEO BOLIVAR<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">      </SPAN><st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">BARRANQUILLA</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">COLOMBIA</st1:country-region></st1:place><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">联系人:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">PETR PALACIO<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电话:(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">5</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">)</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3401011<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">手机:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3154358024<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">   </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">.《波哥大电影节》</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">  </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes"> </SPAN></SPAN></B><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">在拉美地区,该电影节被人们认为是最具影响力的文化节日之一,并成为世界性的文化盛事。节日举办期间,各国的电视、电影、影视作品得以充分展现,代表了当今世界电影新潮流。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">组委会名称:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">RESIDENCIAS TEQUENDAMA<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">地点:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">CARRERA 10 NO.27-51 OFI.325 <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">BOGOTA</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">COLOMBIA</st1:country-region></st1:place><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电话:(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">571</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">)</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3417562 3417504<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电邮:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><A href="mailto:direccion@bogocine.com">direccion@bogocine.com</A><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">   </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">4</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">.《波哥大国际图书节》</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">   </SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">自</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1988</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年以来,每年的</SPAN><st1:chsdate w:st="on" IsROCDate="False" IsLunarDate="False" Day="23" Month="4" Year="2008"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">4</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">23</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">日</SPAN></st1:chsdate><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">至</SPAN><st1:chsdate w:st="on" IsROCDate="False" IsLunarDate="False" Day="5" Month="5" Year="2008"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">5</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">5</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">日</SPAN></st1:chsdate><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">在哥伦比亚首都波哥大举办,至今已举办</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">23</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届。此系一个具有广泛影响力的国际图书交易机会。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">   </SPAN><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">组委会名称:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">CAMARA COLOMBIANA <st1:State w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">DEL</st1:place></st1:State> LIBRO<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">地点:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">CALLE 35 NO.5-22 <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">BOGOTA</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">COLOMBIA</st1:country-region></st1:place><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电话:(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">571</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">)</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">3230237, 3230238<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">传真:(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">571</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">)</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">2851848<o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">电邮:</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><A href="mailto:ferias@camlibro.om">ferias@camlibro.om</A><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">   </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" align=center>  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><U><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">哥伦比亚文化名人</SPAN></U></B></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">菲尔南多</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">·博特罗</SPAN></B><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">,</SPAN><st1:chsdate w:st="on" IsROCDate="False" IsLunarDate="False" Day="19" Month="4" Year="1932"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1932</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">4</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">19</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">日</SPAN></st1:chsdate><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">出生,麦德林人,哥伦比亚</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">著名雕塑家,现在意大利西西里岛定居。他所有作品主要特征是:线条粗框、整体圆浑、肥硕精致。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年幼时期,曾拜师学习斗牛,立志成为一名斗牛士。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">16</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">岁时,发现绘画能够反映人类更强的搏斗精神,而后投身绘画事业。初期在麦德林画院学习,后到首都波哥大投奔名门大师。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1952</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,其作品“海岸”荣获第</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">9</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">届哥伦比亚艺术沙龙一等奖;同年,只身赴欧洲学习西欧绘画技巧,曾在圣</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">·</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">菲尔南多画院接受名师指导,并于</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1955</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年在意大利研修西方绘画。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1961</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,在美国纽约举办第一次个人画展,获得巨大反响。自</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1965</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年后,</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">博特罗绘画日臻成熟,并自成一派,被人们誉“博特罗塑料艺术风格”。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1966</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他在欧洲举办首次画展,最为著名的“平松一家”获得高度评价,自此,博特罗绘画作品及风格得到世界公认。自</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1978</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他开始在世界各地举办巡回展,主要国家有:挪威、瑞典、美国、意大利、波多黎各、日本、西班牙、墨西哥、德国和法国。他的作品和才华得到世界认可,影响日益俱增,并且成为那个年代在世的世界著名</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">5</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">位画家之一。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">博特罗的作品带有浓郁的民族色彩,体现了哥伦比亚的文化风格,从传统人物到反映社会的暴力题材,无一不呈现出他个人的才智和绘画的超人智能。目前,他很大部分作品已经成为世界各地收藏家的热门淘金品。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">菲尔南多</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">·博特罗被公认为哥伦比亚国家的荣耀和人民信仰之父。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">   </o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">  <B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">加西亚</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">·</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">马尔克斯</SPAN></B><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1928</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年出生在哥伦比亚北部的小镇阿拉卡塔卡。自幼家境贫寒,从小托养在外祖父家中,在一间简陋房屋里度过了童年时期。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">   </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes"> </SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">他生性安静、胆怯,外祖父经常给他讲述一些童话和历史,而外祖母所讲述的只是鬼神和神话,这些对于他未来的写作生涯产生了极大影响。他</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">8</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">岁那年,外祖父去世,在眼睛半失明的外祖母相伴下,两人来到苏克雷找到自己的父母。那时,他父亲在一家药店当药剂师,收入微薄,难以持家,不久便将他送往巴兰基亚的一所寄宿学校。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">12</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">岁时,获得中学优秀学生奖学金,同年开始尝试写回忆录,在同学中间素有“作家”称号。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">18</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">岁毕业,按照父母的意愿攻读法律专业,并开始了他的记者职业生涯。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes">  </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes"> </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-spacerun: yes"> </SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1946</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他的第一部自传体回忆录“第三次放弃”</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"> </SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">由波哥大一家报社印刷发行,但是招致公众的强烈批评。自此,他经历了一个创作阶段,写出了</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">10</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">部自传体回忆录。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1965</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">6</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">月,他们举家到墨西哥阿卡布尔克度假,期间,他突然产生了一种灵感,以自己的独特风格撰写一部惊世骇俗的小说。从此他开始潜心写作,在朋友和家人的帮助下,《百年孤独》这部世纪巨著在他脑海中有了清晰的构思。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1967</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年《百年孤独》出版后,加西亚·马尔克斯得以全力投身写作,并为他心目中重要的政治和社会问题大声疾呼。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1972</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他的又一部非凡的短篇小说集《一个难以置信的悲惨故事</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">--</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">纯真的埃伦蒂拉和残忍的祖母》出版。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1975</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他又发表了《家长的没落》,这是一部关于一个独裁者的长篇小说,马尔克斯花了很长时间才写完它。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"> <o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
<P style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: 20pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">70</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年代,加西亚·马尔克斯仍活跃于新闻界,支持人权运动,谴责政治独裁。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1974</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他开始在哥伦比亚主编出版政治性刊物《抉择》,旨在为讨论和促进社会改革提供平台。他还出版了新闻作品集,包括系列报道《水兵贝拉斯利历险记》(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1978</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">)。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1977</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他发表了一篇论述古纠在非洲作用的文章</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">--</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">《卡洛塔行动计划》。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1981</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,《一桩事先张扬的凶杀案》发表,写的是件发生在哥伦比亚一个小镇的多线索、神秘的凶杀案。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1985</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,《霍乱时期的爱情》发表,被加西亚·马尔克斯称为“一个老套的幸福的爱情故事”。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">1986</SPAN><SPAN lang=ZH-CN style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">年,他的报告文学《里丁智利历险记》第一版被智利政府在圣地亚哥公开销毁,不过这一事件保证了它后来几版的畅销。《里丁智利历险记》描述一个流亡国外的著名电影导演,秘密地回到他的祖国智利,并介绍了皮诺切特统治下智利人民的生活经历。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial"> <o:p style="FONT-SIZE: 14px; FONT-FAMILY: arial">  </o:p></SPAN></P>
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